Endnotes

1‘CEO’s 2019 Year in Review and 2020 Preview’, Screen Australia, www.screenaustralia.gov.au, 21 January 2020
2‘New $400 million incentive to boost jobs for screen industry’, Prime Minister, Minister for Communications, Cyber Safety and the Arts, www.pm.gov.au/media, 17 July 2020
3'Presentation to Macquarie Australia Conference', oOh!media, www.investors.oohmedia.com.au, 5 May 2020
4‘ASX announcement: Trading Halt’, oOh!media, www.investors.oohmedia.com.au, 20 March 2020
5'Press release: JCDecaux cancels 2019 dividend', JCDecaux, www.jcdecaux.com, 25 March 2020
6'oOh! promotes positivity with national Kind July support and encouragement to Victoria', B&T Magazine, www.bandt.com.au, 17 July 2020
7'oOh!media and STATION turn Melbourne into city-wide gallery for Australian artists', oOh!media, www.oohmedia.com.au, September 2020
8'JCDecaux thanks essential workers in new OOH campaign', Paige Murphy, www.adnews.com.au, 1 April 2020
9‘End of an era: Co-op bookshop closes’, Business Council of Co-operatives and Mutuals, https://bccm.coop, 30 March 2020
10‘A third of Australians are lending their ears to audiobooks’, Stephen Fenech, www.techguide.com.au, 12 November 2019
11‘Four authors to promote Oz crime fiction in US’, Books + Publishing, www.booksandpublishing.com.au, 21 May 2019
12'Disney+ to launch in Australia in November', Max Mason, www.afr.com, 19 August 2019
13'Foxtel to launch streaming service Binge on May 25', Max Mason, www.afr.com, 18 May 2020
14'Stan to grow original production schedule to 30 a year', Max Mason, www.afr.com, 24 August 2020
15'Subscription TV viewers soar during Aussie lockdown - Netflix, Foxtel, Stan, Disney+ & Amazon Prime all up significantly', Roy Morgan, www.roymorgan.com, 21 July 2020
16Includes a traditional Foxtel subscription, Foxtel Now and/or Kayo. Binge would have had a very minor influence on the data due to the timing of the analysed period and date of Binge release
17‘Foxtel subscribers back as sport kicks off’, Zoe Samios, www.smh.com.au, 23 September 2020
18'Stan surpasses two million subscribers in breakout year', Edward Pollitt, www.bandt.com.au, 27 August 2020
19'News media delivers record readership as news brands reach 18.2m Australians – emma data', NewsMediaWorks, www.newsmediaworks.com.au, 1 June 2020
20'August 2020 digital news rankings', Nielsen, www.nielsen.com, 11 September 2020
21'July 2020 digital news rankings', Nielsen, www.nielsen.com, 11 August 2020
22'News Corp Australia announces portfolio changes', News Corp Australia, www.newscorpaustralia.com, 27 May 2020
23'BuzzFeed to close Australian, UK news operations', Zoe Samios, www.smh.com.au, 14 May 2020
24'ACM proposes closing four print sites', Max Mason, www.afr.com, 8 July 2020
25‘AAP sale finalised to save newswire’, AAP, www.aap.com.au, 29 June 2020
26'AAP given $5m government lifeline as newswire finds itself in financial difficulty', Amanda Meade, www.theguardian.com, 18 September 2020
27‘Nine evolves sales structure to drive cross-platform solutions', Nine, www.nineforbrands.com.au, 19 May 2020
28'News Corp’s advertising revenue falls over 50% in fourth quarter, as company posts US$1.5bn loss', Vivienne Kelly, www.mumbrella.com.au, 7 August 2020
29'Antony Catalano's ACM is now bundling print advertising and realestateview.com.au listings in key property markets', The Canberra Times, www.canberratimes.com.au, 24 July 2020
30'Building a digital New York Times: CEO Mark Thompson', Mark Thompson, Yael Taqqu and Raju Narisetti, www.mckinsey.com, 10 August 2020
31'Digital platforms inquiry: final report', Australian Competition & Consumer Commission', www.accc.gov.au, 26 July 2019
32'Draft news media bargaining code', Australian Competition & Consumer Commission, www.accc.gov.au, July 2020
33‘Open letter to Australians', Google Australia, https://about.google, 17 August 2020
34'An Update About Changes to Facebook’s Services in Australia', Will Easton, Managing Director, Facebook Australia & New Zealand, www.about.fb.com, 31 August 2020
35'Agreement to sell Pacific Magazines', Seven West Media, www.sevenwestmedia.com.au, 21 October 2019
36'How a German media company brought Australia’s greatest magazine empire to its knees', Tim Elliott, www.smh.com.au, 3 July 2020
37'Seven completes $40m sale of PacMags to Bauer', Max Mason, www.afr.com, 1 May 2020
38'Bauer Media Australia ceases paused titles due to COVID-19', Bauer Media Group, www.baueradvertising.com.au, 21 July 2020
39'Bauer Media rebrands as Are Media', Hannah Blackiston, www.mumbrella.com.au, 28 September 2020
40 'Monthly progress report September 2020', NBN Co, www.nbnco.com.au, 30 October 2020
41'Upstream network usage - September 2020 dashboard', NBN Co, www.nbnco.com.au, 16 October 2020
42'Initial build complete, NBN Co announces next phase of network investment to meet future demand', NBN Co, www.nbnco.com.au, 23 September 2020
43'Bidding limits set for Australia’s next 5G spectrum auction', The Hon Paul Fletcher MP, Minister for Communications, Cyber Safety and the Arts, www.minister.infrastructure.gov.au, 13 Aug 2020
44Gig State, NSW Government, www.nsw.gov.au, retrieved on 1 November 2020
45'Alphabet Announces Second Quarter 2020 Results', Alphabet, www.abc.xyz/investor, 30 July 2020
46‘IAB Australia Online Advertising Expenditure Report, For the financial year and quarter ended 30 June 2020’, IAB Australia, compiled by PwC Australia
47'Facebook, Google to be forced to pay for news as part of new mandatory code of conduct to support traditional news media', Georgia Hitch, www.abc.net.au, 31 July 2020
48'Open letter to Australians', Google Australia, www.about.google, 17 August 2020
49'An Update About Changes to Facebook’s Services in Australia', Will Easton, Managing Director, Facebook Australia & New Zealand, www.about.fb.com, 31 August 2020
50'TEG Announces Strategic Investment by Silver Lake', TEG, www.teg.com.au, 4 October 2019
51‘Spotify hits 138m premium subscribers as growth slows’, The Music Network, www.themusicnetwork.com, 30 July 2020
52'Commercial radio audience grows as coronavirus restrictions ease', Commercial Radio Australia, www.commercialradio.com.au, 23 June 2020
53'Infinite Dial 2020: Australian radio remains strong, podcasts growing steadily', Mediaweek, www.mediaweek.com.au, 20 May 2020
54 Australian Podcast Ranker: Top 100 podcasts ranked by monthly downloads (reporting period September 2020), Triton Digital, www.radioalive.com.au, retrieved on 31 October 2020
55‘Digital News Report: Australia 2020’, Park, S., Fisher, C., Lee, J.Y., McGuinness, K., Sang, Y., O’Neil, M., Jensen, M., McCallum, K., Fuller, G. Canberra: News & Media Research Centre, University of Canberra, www.canberra.edu.au, 16 June 2020
56'Television audiences climb as Australians isolate', Zoe Samios, www.smh.com.au, 23 March 2020
57‘ThinkTV Fact Pack: Jan to Jun 2019’, ThinkTV, www.thinktv.com.au, retrieved on 6 October 2020
58‘ThinkTV Fact Pack: Jan to Jun 2020’, ThinkTV, www.thinktv.com.au, retrieved on 6 October 2020
59‘ThinkTV Fact Pack: Jan to Jun 2019’, ThinkTV, www.thinktv.com.au, retrieved on 6 October 2020
60‘Second Quarter 2020 Earnings - Letter to Shareholders’, Netflix, www.netflixinvestor.com, 16 July 2020

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